%> Granville Family Pharmacy
Your Local Pharmacist is

Morris Morcos

1 60 South St
Granville NSW 2142
ph: (02) 9637 5765
fax: (02) 9682 6368

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:: In Brief

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:: Cold Sore

Everyday Ailments - Cold Sore
  Everyday Ailments
  Cold Sore

Cold sores are small blisters on the lip and around the mouth. The skin around the blisters is often red, swollen, and sore. The blisters may break open, leak a clear fluid, and then scab over after a few days. They usually heal after several days to 2 weeks. Cold Sores often begin with a tingling feeling.

Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both virus types can cause lip and mouth sores and genital herpes.

The herpes simplex virus usually enters the body through a break in the skin around or inside the mouth. It is usually spread when a person touches a cold sore or touches infected fluid-such as from sharing eating utensils or razors, kissing an infected person, or touching that person's saliva. A parent who has a cold sore often spreads the infection to his or her child in this way. Cold sores can also be spread to other areas of the body.
 

Signs & Symptoms:

There are four main stages of cold sores:

  • Tingle - a tingline, burning feeling around the lips or nose
  • Blister - red, swollen areas appear and get covered with tiny blisters
  • Weeping - the blisters open and weep - the virus can easily spread to others at this stage
  • Scab - the cold sore dries up and forms a scab.  It heals in about a week without leaving a scar

Medication:

Creams and ointments can help alleviate the discomfort caused by cold sores.

Treatment:

Cold sores will usually start to heal on their own within a few days. But if they cause pain or make you feel embarrassed, they can be treated. Treatment may include skin creams, ointments, or sometimes pills. Treatment may get rid of the cold sores only 1 to 2 days faster, but it can also help ease painful blisters or other uncomfortable symptoms.

The herpes simplex virus that causes cold sores cannot be cured. After you get infected, the virus stays in your body for the rest of your life. If you get cold sores often, treatment can reduce the number of cold sores you get and how severe they are.

Cold sores can also spread to the eyes, fingers or other parts of the body. A cold sore in the eye causes a painful, red eye. Immediate medical attention should be sought.
 

More Information:

 

Ask Your Pharmacist about:

  • about suitable creams and ointments 

 

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